Unix Host Concurrent Program in Oracle Apps

Host is the one of execution method available in Oracle Apps while defining concurrent program executable. It allows the concurrent program to execute operating system commands. Host (Operating System) could be Windows, Unix or any supported operating system.

UNIX is the most widely used Operating system for Oracle Apps Implementation and shell script is default programming language for UNIX. Simply we can say, UNIX host based concurrent program is actually a shell script. Unix host based concurrent program executes all command written in shell script and returns control back to the concurrent manager with the exit code.

Exit code in Unix concurrent program:

  • = 0 – program completed successfully
  • > 0 – program completed in error

In this article, I will cover how to define UNIX/Shell script based concurrent program.

Let’s take below as requirement,

Create a UNIX concurrent program which emails a file from a location or concurrent program output to a user using Unix mailx utility . The program should have parameters,

File Location


You should have a working knowledge of Oracle Apps and Basic knowledge of Unix command.

Software/Hardware environment

  • Oracle apps 11i or R12
  • Putty
  • Winscp

Steps To Register Unix Shell Script As A Concurrent Program

Step 1 – Create shell script (. prog)

Let’s create an executable file first. It is a text file with .prog extension. As per Oracle Apps Developer Guide, the extension should be .prog.

In Unix based concurrent program, first 5 parameters from $0 to $4 are reserved and used by Oracle to pass below information to the shell script. User-defined parameters start from $5 onwards.

Note: This is applicable when there exists a link to fndscpr file.

— Standard Parameter—

Below parameters from $0 to $4 are reserved to hold information.

$0: Shell script to be executed
$1: Oracle user/password
$2: Applications user_id
$3: Application user_name
$4: Concurrent program request_id

— User-defined parameters—-

$5 Onwards are the custom parameters.

$5: From
$6: To
$7: CC
$8: BCC
$9: Subject
$10: File Path

Note: some Unix operating system you need to use curly brackets when parameter numbers are two digits {$10} or use shift command to shift parameter to $9 position. Check file below for to understand shift command.

# Name:- xxhost_conc_demo.prog
# Description:- Demo script to send email 
# parameters
#  From
#  To
#  CC
#  BCC
#  Subject
#  File Name
echo "print reserved parameter"
echo "0 - Shell Script " $0
echo "1 - Oracle user/password" $1
echo "2 - Applications user id" $2
echo "3 - Application user name" $3
echo "4 - Concurrent program request id" $4
echo "print custom parameter"
echo "5 - From" $5
echo "6 - To" $6
echo "7 - CC" $7
echo "8 - BCC" $8
echo "9 - Subject" $9
shift                     # this shift 10th parameter to 9th position
echo "10 -File Name" $9   # referring 10th parameter as 9th
# send email using mailx command
echo "Testing Unix Host Based concurernt Program" | mailx -s $SUB -c $CC -b $BCC -r $FROM -a $FILE $TO 

Step 2 – FTP this file to $XXCUSTOM_TOP/bin path

FTP this script using WinSCP or FILEZILLA to respective $XXCUSTOM_TOP/bin. Host program executable file always put under /bin directory. Make sure encoding of the script should be in Unix format else you will get an error while running the script because of Ctrl-M (^M) character. You can read this article to change the encoding from Windows to Unix.

Change file permission to 755 using below command.

chmod 755 xxhost_conc_demo.prog

Above step is required to avoid file permission error, else you will get below error.

FND-CP-ESP: Child: exec:: Permission denied
Program exited with status 1

Step 3 – Create a soft link to FNDCPESR

This is a standard utility by the oracle which parses parameter passed to the Unix program from the concurrent program and properly segregates them as $0,$1 .. $n.

ln -s $FND_TOP/bin/fndcpesr  xxhost_conc_demo

Do not include .prog extension.

Step 4 – Register executable

Register executable for the program as shown in below image.

unix host executable

Execution Method: Host
Execution File Name: xxhost_conc_demo ( name of file without .prog extension)

Step 5 – Register Concurrent Program

Navigate and register a concurrent program. Select executable name defined in the previous step.



Step 6 – Register Concurrent Program

Register a concurrent program to any valid responsibility.

That’s it and we have defined a Host concurrent program in Oracle Apps.

Below if log file which will help you to understand the how parameters are passed.


Current system time is 25-OCT-2017 03:51:03


print reserved parameter
0 – Shell Script /atech/app/xxcust/12.0.0/bin/xxhost_conc_demo
1 – Oracle user/password APPS/apps
2 – Applications user id 45878
3 – Application user name ATECH
4 – Concurrent program request id 90315090

print custom parameter
5 – From [email protected]
6 – To [email protected]
7 – CC [email protected]
8 – BCC [email protected]
9 – Subject Testing
10 -File Name /home/atech/sample_file

No completion options were requested.



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