Installing and Configure VIM Plugin in Ubuntu

Vi is one of the mythical text editors of Unix. Although it was not very easy to use, it was the most stable there was. But in open source, some want to contribute and as a result, VIM was born as an independent program that adds improvements to Vi. One of these improvements is the possibility to add plugins to the editor. Today in this post, you will learn how to install and configure VIM plugins on Ubuntu 20.04.

What is Vim and how to install it on Ubuntu 20.04?

Vim is a highly configurable text editor built to make creating and changing any kind of text very efficient. It is included as “vi” with most UNIX systems and with Apple OS X.

Vim is rock stable and is continuously being developed to become even better. Among its features are:

  • Persistent, multi-level undo tree
  • Extensive plugin system
  • Support for hundreds of programming languages and file formats
  • Powerful search and replace
  • Integrates with many tools

To install it on Ubuntu 20.04, just open a terminal from the main menu or by pressing the keys CTRL + ALT + T and run the following

sudo apt update
sudo apt install vim

After this, you can run it from the terminal and create/edit text files.

However, it is advisable to make some configurations to get VIM working properly.

By default, the global configuration file is /etc/vimrc but the local user configuration file is ~/.vimrc which is the one we will use.

nano ~/.vimrc

And add the following lines:

syntax on
set expandtab
set tabstop=4
retab
set shiftwidth=4
set hlsearch
set paste
set ic
set mouse=r
Configuring VIM
Configuring VIM

Save changes

What these variables do is add some settings to VIM. For example, set paste allows us to use the clipboard to paste items. While set mouse=r allows us to interact with the mouse in desktop environments.

Install and configure VIM plugins on Ubuntu 20.04

To install Plugins in VIM we have several ways including manual installation. However, thanks to the vim-plug tool the process is much easier. That is why it is the preferred option for many and we will use it as well.

So, in a terminal, download and install vim-plug by running

sudo apt install curl git
curl -fLo ~/.vim/autoload/plug.vim – create-dirs https://raw.githubusercontent.com/junegunn/vim-plug/master/plug.vim

For this example, I will install the NERDTree plugin but you can install any plugin you want.

Then inside the ~/.vimrc file add the following lines

call plug#begin()
Plug 'preservim/NERDTree'
call plug#end()
Installing a plugin on VIM
Installing a plugin on VIM

Then every time you want to install a plugin you have to specify it following the above syntax. In this case, the NERDTree plugin is hosted on Github so you only specify the user and repository name. In case the plugin is hosted elsewhere, you just have to specify the URL where it is.

Again, save the changes.

Finally, start Vim and tell vim-plug to install the plugins listed in ~/.vimrc using the command:

:PlugInstall
Installing VIM plugins
Installing VIM plugins

Now you have to wait for the process to finish.

VIM working in Ubuntu 20.04
VIM working in Ubuntu 20.04

Conclusion

Installing Plugins in VIM is easy with the vim-plug utility that makes it possible. In this sense, these plugins extend all the possibilities of the editor. There are too many plugins and this gives us the power to configure VIM the way we want.

So, do you like VIM? what do you think? leave us a comment and share the post.

Also, if you prefer nano, you can check our post:

How to use nano editor?

Thanks for reading.

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